What is the Difference Between 2.4GHz and 5GHz WiFi?

Difference between 2.4GHz and 5GHz WiFi and how to setup wifi router without computer

We all love being on the internet, don’t we? We learn new things, get entertained, play, and connect with friends and family. However, what we don’t know is that the Wi-Fi we enjoy also has bands. So what is the difference between 2.4GHz and 5GHz WiFi?

The Wi-Fi we get at home has undergone several changes over the last over 20 years. There have been several changes to the current Wi-Fi 6 standards for Wi-Fi provision. However, even with the standard changes, the Wi-Fi bands have remained the same; 2.4GHz and 5GHz.

However, these days most routers and modem router combos are able to provide Wi-FI on the 2.4GHz band and 5GHz bands. There are still some routers that only provide internet on the 2.4GHz band. This, therefore, defines the single band, dual-band, and tri-band routers.

Dual-band routers have a 2.4GHz band and a 5GHz band for Wi-Fi provision. On the other hand, a tri-band router has one 2.4GHz band and two 5GHz bands for internet provision.

There are several differences between the 2.4GHz and 5GHz Wi-Fi. The following are the different specifications and differences for the 2 bands of Wi-Fi. These differences are in terms of range, interference, speed, and applicability.

Main differences between 2.4GHz and 5GHz WiFi

Range

The 2.4GHz Wi-Fi has a longer range as compared to the 5GHz Wi-Fi signal. If you are using the internet near your router, then we recommend that you connect to the 5GHz signal. This way you will have a flawless connection.

However, if you are far from the router, then it is great to connect to the 2.4GHz signal. This is because it has a longer range. It will therefore give you a more reliable connection the further you are from the router.

Some of the best routers move you seamlessly from one band to the other to ensure that you enjoy reliable and fast Wi-Fi wherever you are in your home. These include the mesh systems and other traditional routers.

Wi-Fi speed

While as discussed above the 5GHz Wi-Fi signal has a shorter coverage, it has the capacity to offer better Wi-Fi speed. The 5GHz band on our routers is able to provide even double or more Wi-Fi speed as compared to the 2.4GHz Wi-Fi.

This is very important to note in that if you are in the same room as the router and you have devices that require the fastest connection, then we recommend that you connect them to the 5GHz Wi-Fi band. Such devices include streaming devices, gaming consoles, and teleconferencing devices among others.

In addition, the knowledge of the Wi-Fi speeds for your devices is very important for the positioning of your router or devices that require the fastest connections. You need to position your streaming devices or gaming consoles in the same room as your router in order to enjoy the 5GHz speeds.

Finally, if you are scheduling downloads at your home, it is excellent to use the 5GHz Wi-Fi when others are not using it. This will ensure that your downloads will take the shortest time.

Interference by other devices

This is one of the main differences between 2.4GHz and 5GHz WiFi. In our homes, there are several devices that operate the 2.4GHz signal zone. These devices produce wireless signals that can interfere with the 2.4GHz Wi-Fi signal.

Some of these devices include microwave ovens, older wireless (cordless) phones, garage door openers, radios, Wireless keyboards, Bluetooth devices, and baby monitors among other devices. All these devices use the 2.4GHz frequency and thus will interfere with your internet connection when you are using the 2.4GHz band.

Number of channels

The number of channels differs between the 2.4GHz and 5GHz bands. The 2.4GHz band has a few channel options as compared to the 5GHz. Among the 2.4GHz channels, only three of them do not overlap.

The 5GHz band on the other hand has 23 non-overlapping channels. This is quite a bigger number of channels which means that your devices can be connected to a less crowded channel for high-speed internet connection. In addition, the 5GHz signal is accessed by fewer devices in our homes. This means that there is less crowding on the 5GHz channel.

In a nut shell

There are several major differences between the 2.4GHz and the 5GHz WiFi signal. The choice of band will be determined by the purpose and range that you require for your connection.

If your home has more obstacles or you want a connection for a long-range, then consider using the 2.4GHz Wi-Fi signal. However, you are likely to get faced with interference from other home devices and also can experience overcrowding. Overcrowding can lead to dropped connections.

If you want a faster connection that is used by less devices, we recommend that you use the 5GHz Wi-Fi signal. You will experience less interference and a fewer dropped signals because of overcrowding. However, note that you can only use the signal for a shorter range.

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